Ewing's Sarcoma

3rd March 2016

What is Ewing's Sarcoma?

A Ewing’s Sarcoma is a type of cancer - a lump of cells (tumour) which should not be there. Ewing’s Sarcoma is a cancer that starts from primitive (very simple) nerve cells that are found mainly in bones, which can start in any bone in the body.

Why did the Ewing’s Sarcoma happen?

In most cases, we do not know why children get a Ewing’s Sarcoma.

What problems do Ewing’s Sarcomas cause?

With a Ewing’s Sarcoma, the problems depend on where the cancer is. In most cases, the child complains of pain in a bone. Sometimes, there is a lump or swelling around the bone which can be seen or felt. The child may limp or have difficulty using their limbs.

Sometimes, the bone breaks in the area where the Ewing’s Sarcoma is (a pathological fracture). The Ewing’s Sarcoma cancer cells may spread to other areas of the body and cause problems there.

How did we find the Ewing’s Sarcoma?

A child, young person, family member or doctor may have noticed a lump, or been concerned about pains that do not go away. Sometimes when a broken bone is X-rayed – it does not look normal, making your doctor investigate further. Usually a scan or an X-ray shows that there is a lump which should not be there.

How do we treat Ewing’s Sarcoma?

The treatment of each person with a Ewing’s Sarcoma is different. In most cases, a paediatric oncologist (a doctor who treats children with cancer) will develop the best treatment for your child.

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